The hollow church in Solin - the church within the church is the place of the coronation of Ban Zvonimir

Along the Jadro river itself, east of Salona, ​​there are the remains of churches in a locality that has been known in the regiment for many centuries under a very bright name Hollow church. That name originates from the time when the walls of a neglected church with a collapsed roof stood there, recorded on Camucius's map from 1571.

These remains of a three-nave basilica dedicated to St. Peter and Moses stood at the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th century, because the new inhabitants of Solin, who then immigrated at the time, gave it that picturesque name. 11th century church, associated with coronation of Ban Zvonimir for the Croatian king in 1075, it was built inside a large early Christian basilica, probably from the 6th century.

Church within a church

Next to the church was a Benedictine monastery, connected, perhaps, with the royal house, so this is probably the reason why the new church is being built in the old one and that this important act is being performed in it. That's what this is for early Romanesque three-nave basilica particularly famous.

hollow church
Hollow church, source: Tourist board of the city of Solin

Today, the landscape is significantly different from what it was in early Christian times and in the 11th century. The river then flowed differently, and the surrounding terrain was much lower. Namely, the river flows very close, floods the remains of old walls which, due to the configuration of the surrounding land, often remain under water. It is an excellent and very bright example of how the small Solina river changes the configuration of the Solina monument landscape.

It is an interesting circumstance that the early Romanesque church was built in the 11th century within the considerable remains of the previous one. Its walls can still be seen today under the fence that separates the archeological site from the directly laid road leading to Majdan. A little further west, a mountain stream called Jadro flowed into Jadro Elijah's well which springs near Rižinica under the eastern Kozjak slope. And that had the effect of burying the remains of the church, of changing the landscape.

monasteries solin

Manastirine in Solin - the most famous locality of Salone

The research provided answers to many questions

The sequence of construction on this site was established by a distinguished researcher Solina Danish architect Ejnar Dyggve. Through minor archaeological research, he was able to determine the main structure of the old Christian church and the new ones that were subsequently built in it. Research began in 1927, and the results resolved one important issue: it was recognized the church in which Ban Zvonimir was crowned. He resolved the stranger Lovre Katic using both written sources, and an archaeological find and an inscription from the altar fence. Research on this site was renewed only in 1990.

hollow church
Hollow church, source: Tourist board of the city of Solin

The three-nave basilica had a very specific western façade, the so-called western corps or westwerk and bell tower. On the east side, three apses fit into the body of the church itself. There was a large three-part altar railing in the church with an inscription revealing its addressees, Saints Peter and Moses, and then, with the help of written sources and a series of important historical events. According to some scholars, this fence also included the pluteus that today form the baptismal well in the Split baptistery of St. Ivan, among which the most famous is the one that is usually interpreted as a depiction of the Croatian ruler on the throne.

Source: Solin Tourist Board

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